Year 5 had a great day learning about politics, parliament systems and even holding their own election. Members of various political parties, as seen in photo, shared the parties manifestos and persuaded the general public (the rest of year 5) to vote for them. The candidate that stood for the Labour Party did an excellent job to get the most votes however unfortunately not the majority so we had to analyse possible coalitions.
A general election must take place every five years if not sooner so new members of parliament can be elected by the people.
The UK is divided into 650 areas called contituencies. Everyone eligible to vote can choose a candidate to represent them in the House of Commons. This vote can be made in a polling station on election day.
If one political party wins more than half the votes they have a majority and their leaders becomes Prime Minister. Other other political parties are the opposition.
The political parties tell the public what they plan to happen if they get into government - this is called their manifesto.
A coalition happens when no political party has a majority and they agree to work with another party so that between them they have enough votes for a majority
Counting the votes start when the polls close at 10pm. The counting continues through the night and results are broadcast when they are announced.